The body is storing iron mostly in the hemoglobin. In addition about 30 percent of iron is also stored as ferritin and hemosiderin in the liver, bone marrow and spleen.
Iron deficiency anemia can be caused by:
- body changes
- gastrointestinal tract abnormalities
- blood loss
- menstrual bleeding
- abnormal paleness
- lack of energy or tiring easily (fatigue)
- increased heart rate
- sore or swollen tongue
- enlarged spleen
Iron deficiency usually can be corrected with iron supplementation, dispensed as pill or intravenous drip.
Iron.Medline is a good source for detailled information about iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia.